Anzina carneonivea (Anzi) Scheid. var. carneonivea

in Vezda, Sched. ad Lich. Sel. Exs., 73: 5 (nr. 1815), 1982. Basionym: Gyalolechia carneonivea Anzi - Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat., 11: 163, 1868.
Synonyms: Caloplaca carneonivea (Anzi) Jatta; Diphratora carneonivea (Anzi) Jatta; Gyalecta carneonivea (Anzi) Lettau; Lecidea carneonivea (Anzi) Arnold; Pertusaria carneonivea (Anzi) Vain.; Pertusaria infralapponica Vain.; Pertusaria tauriscorum Zahlbr.; Secoliga carneonivea (Anzi) Arnold; Varicellaria carneonivea (Anzi) Erichsen
Distribution: N - VG, Frl, Ven (TSB 17934), TAA (Škaloud & Peksa 2008, Nascimbene & al. 2007b, Nimis & al. 2015), Lomb.
Description: Thallus crustose, whitish grey, thin, most often hemiendosubstratic, more or less continuous, without a distinct prothallus, forming large patches especially when growing on rotting wood. Apothecia very common, 0.12-0.3 mm across, immersed in thalline warts, initially single, then becoming confluent, with a yellowish-brown to orange, flat disc and a thin, smooth, paler margin. Thalline exciple more or less developed, especially in older apothecia; proper exciple poorly developed, colourless, of periclinally arranged hyphae; epithecium yellowish brown, K-, C+ red, KC+red; hymenium colourless, 40-80 µm high, I-; paraphyses (paraphysoids) c. 1.5 µm thick, branched and anastomosing, the apical cells not thickened; hypothecium colourless. Asci (6-)8-spored, subcylindrical, unitunicate, the apex not thickened, I-, surrounded by an amyloid ring and surmounted by a thin amyloid cap, 70-80 x 15-20 µm. Ascospores 1(-3)-septate, hyaline, ellipsoid to narrowly ellipsoid, thin-walled, with a thin halo, (11-)13-15(-18) x 4.5-7.5 µm. Pycnidia dark, semi-immersed to projecting, 90-160 µm in diam. Conidia short-bacilliform, 3.5-4.5 x c. 0.7 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid (Asterochloris). Spot tests: thallus K+ yellowish, C-, KC-, P-; apothecia C+ and KC+ red. Chemistry: apothecia with gyrophoric acid (major) and traces of lecanoric acid.
Note: on acidic substrata such as bark, especially of conifers, wood, plant debris, muribund bryophytes, in the understory of upper montane moist forest, and among shrubs in the subalpine belt of the Alps. The var. tetraspora Scheid., known from neighbouring countries, should be looked for in the Italian Alps.
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: rather rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

12345

Solar irradiation:

12345

Aridity:

12345

Eutrophication:

12345

Poleotolerance:

0123

Altitudinal distribution:

123456


Predictive model
Herbarium samples


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 9205



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (9205)
2001/11/21



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (13672)
2001/12/27



Felix Schumm; Owner: CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm; Owner: CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993


Erichsen C.F.E. 1936. Pertusariaceae. - In: Dr. L. Rabenhorsts Kryptogamenflora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Bd. IX, Abt. 5, T. 1. Akad. Verlagsges., Leipzig, pp. 321-512, 513-728. - Public Domain


Erichsen C.F.E. 1936. Pertusariaceae. - In: Dr. L. Rabenhorsts Kryptogamenflora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Bd. IX, Abt. 5, T. 1. Akad. Verlagsges., Leipzig, pp. 321-512, 513-728. - Public Domain



Felix Schumm; Owner: CC BY-SA 4.0
[TSB_17534], Italia, Veneto, Carnic Alps, Prov. Belluno, loc. Casera Razzo, c. 1750 m, on decaying stump of Picea. Leg. P.L. Nimis & M. Tretiach, 09.09.1993