Lecanora hybocarpa (Tuck.) Brodo

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 79: 134, 1984. Basionym: Parmelia hybocarpa Tuck. in Lea - Cat. Plants Cincinnati: 45, 1849.
Synonyms:
Distribution: C - Sar (Zedda 2002, 2002b).
Description: Thallus crustose, continuous or rimose-areolate, whitish to yellowish grey, without a distinct prothallus. Areoles, when developed, flat or verruculose, ecorticate, epruinose. Apothecia lecanorine, sessile, constricted at base, 0.3--1.3(-2) mm across, with a red-brown or orange-brown, flat, epruinose disc and a rather thick, usually persistent, entire or flexuose, smooth to verruculose thalline margin, with or without a parathecial ring. Thalline exciple corticate, with large crystals insoluble in K, pulicaris-type, the cortex (15-)20-25(-30) µm wide laterally, 25-35(-50) µm wide basally; proper exciple colourless, lacking crystals; epithecium colourless to pale orange-brown, with small crystals, <1 μm diam., soluble in K but not in N, penettaring into the epithecium for c. 20 μm, pulicaris-type; hymenium colourless, not inspersed with oil droplets; paraphyses slightly thickened apically, not pigmented; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, very thin-walled, with a K/I+ blue, tall tholus penetrated by a faintly amyloid apical cushion, the wall K/I-, surrounded by a blue outer layer, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, broadly ellipsoid, (9-)11-13(-14.5) x (5-)6-7.5(-8.5) µm. Photobiont chlororoccoid. Spot tests: thallus and apothecial margin K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P- or P+ pale yellow. Chemistry: atranorin (major), chloroatranorin (minor), roccellic acid (major or absent).
Note: on the bark of more or less isolated trees in lowland areas. Apparently common in North America, this species has been recently reported also from Europe. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Data Deficient” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model


Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008


Author: André Aptroot. Source: http://www.tropicallichens.net/ CC BY-SA-NC



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[8954], USA, Maine, Washington Co., Buchenwäldchen an der Straße Nr. 182 zwischen Cherryfield und Franklin, 44°36.560’ N, 68°01.146’ W, 60 m. Leg. et det. Schumm 23.08.2001.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14195], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Angra Do Heroismo, Fortaleza de Dao Joao Baptista, 38°39.171' N, 27°13.457' W, ca. 44 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 17.07.2008
HPTLC in den Laufmitteln A, B’ und C nach Säurebehandlung bei Tageslicht, 366 nm UV-Langwelle und Wasser vor Säurebehandlung 1: Start 4: Position von Norstictinsäure 7: Position von Atranorin at: Atranorin, roc: Roccellsäure Lecanora hybocarpa roc roc roc



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[20582], U.S.A., Christian County, 7 miles S of Springfield. Oak woods and red cedar glade. Leg.I.M. Brodo (23474), 10.08.1979, det. I.M. Brodo. EX NAT. HERB. OF CANADA



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[20582], U.S.A., Christian County, 7 miles S of Springfield. Oak woods and red cedar glade. Leg.I.M. Brodo (23474), 10.08.1979, det. I.M. Brodo. EX NAT. HERB. OF CANADA