Lecanora rupicola subsp. subplanata (Nyl.) Leuckert & Poelt

Nova Hedwigia, 49: 152, 1989. Basionym: Lecanora subplanata Nyl. - Flora, 64: 530, 1881.
Synonyms: Lecanora rupicola var. subplanata (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux; Lecanora subradiosa Nyl. non auct.
Distribution: N - TAA, Lomb (Nascimbene 2004, 2006), Piem, VA (Matteucci & al. 2008c, Isocrono & al. 2008), Lig (TSB 33472). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Giordani & al. 2013). S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, finely rimose-areolate to slightly verrucose, whitish grey to ash-grey, sometimes delimited by a dark prothallus. Areoles flat, ecorticate, smooth, epruinose. Apothecia lecanorine, subimmersed when young, then broadly sessile, (0.5-)1-2(-3) mm across, with a brown, grey-brown or black (in forms parasitized by Arthonia varians), but heavily bluish-white-pruinose, usually flat disc, and a thin, persistent, smooth, sometimes flexuose thalline margin; proper margin not visible macroscopically. Thalline exciple pseudocorticate, with numerous algal cells, containing small crystals soluble in K; proper exciple colourless, lacking crystals; epithecium almost colourless to yellowish or greenish brown, the pigment dissolving in K, with a layer of crystals dissolving in K and reacting C+ yellow; hymenium colourless, 75-95 µm high, not inspersed with oil droplets; paraphyses 2-3 µm thick, the apical cells not or slightly thickened, to 3.5 µm wide; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, very thin-walled, with a K/I+ blue, tall tholus penetrated by a faintly amyloid apical cushion, the wall K/I-, surrounded by a blue outer layer, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, 9-15 x 5-8 µm, the wall <1 µm thick. Pycnidia immersed, the wall colourless except around the ostiole. Conidia thread-like, sometimes curved, 14-25 µm long. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex K+ yellow, C+ yellow, KC+ yellow, P- or P+ pale yellow; medulla C+ and KC+ orange; apothecial disc C+ bright lemon-yellow, P-. Chemistry: thallus with atranorin (major), roccellic acid, chloroatranorin, thiophanic acid, dichlorlichexanthone, 2.5.7.-trichlornorlichenxanthone (the xanthones concentrated in the medulla); pruina of apothecia with sordidone (major).
Note: more southern and perhaps more xerophytic than the typical subspecies, this taxon should be looked for further throughout Italy.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: very rare
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: rare
Montane belt: rather rare
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: rather rare
Humid mediterranean belt: rare
Dry mediterranean belt: extremely rare

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 33305