Lecidella carpathica Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 212, 1865.
Synonyms: Blastenia rejecta Th. Fr.; Lecidea baskalensis Szatala; Lecidea baskalensis Szatala; Lecidea carpathica (Körb.) Szatala; Lecidea continuior Nyl.; Lecidea diffractula H. Magn.; Lecidea durietzii H. Magn.; Lecidea fennica Räsänen; Lecidea kotiluotënsis Vain.; Lecidea latypea auct. p.p. non Ach.; Lecidea latypiza Nyl.; Lecidea latypizella Nádv.; Lecidea loudiana Zahlbr.; Lecidea pertingens Nyl.; Lecidea subsmaragdula H. Magn.; Lecidea suprasedens Zahlbr.
Distribution: N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002 Nascimbene 2003, 2008b, Hertel & Schuhwerk 2010), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004, Brackel 2013), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, Favero-Longo & al. 2004, 2006b, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008, Giordani & al. 2014, Favero-Longo & al. 2015), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, 2004, Isocrono & al. 2008, Favero-Longo & Piervittori 2009, Matteucci & al. 2013b, 2015c), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008, Watson 2014, Fariselli & al. 2020), Lig (Giordani & al. 2016). C - Tosc (Brackel 2015), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Brackel 2015), Umb (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Bartoli & al. 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Genovesi & al. 2011), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Gheza & al. 2021), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Caporale & al. 2008, Genovesi & Ravera 2014), Sar (Nöske 2000, Rizzi & al. 2011, Giordani & al. 2013, Brackel & Berger 2019). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Catalano & al. 2016), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Poli & Grillo 2000, Brackel 2008b, 2008c).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, areolate to verrucose, up to 1.2 mm thick, white to whitish grey, forming up to 10 cm wide patches. Cortex with a 5-15 µm thick epinecral layer; medulla white, I-. Apothecia lecideine, black, sessile and strongly constricted at base, 0.4-1.3(-1.8) mm across, with a flat to finally convex, epruinose disc, and a thin, glossy, often sinuous proper margin becoming excluded in old apothecia. Proper exciple dark throughout, bluish to greenish black in outer part, reddish brown within, without crystals, up to 100 µm wide laterally; epithecium bright green to blue-green, N+ purple; hymenium colourless or partly pigmented, without crystals, not inspersed with oil droplets, 60-85 µm high; paraphyses easily made free in K, simple, rarely anastomosing or branched, 1.5-2 µm thick at mid-level, the apical cells up to 4.5 µm wide; hypothecium yellowish brown to brown in central part, reddish brown laterally. Asci 8-spored, clavate, with an intensely I+ blue tholus penetrated by a weakly amyloid, broadly cylindrical axial mass, and a poorly developed ocular chamber, Lecidella-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, broadly ellipsoid to ovoid, 8-17 x 5-9 µm, with a thick, smooth wall, not halonate. Pycnidia globose, with a brown wall. Conidia thread-like, strongly curved, 15-30 µm long. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: K+ yellow to rarely K-, C- or very rarely C+ orange, KC- or very rarely KC+ orange, P+ yellow to rarely P-. Chemistry: atranorin, diploicin, plus variable amounts of thuringione, chloratranorin and 4,5-dichlor-3-O-methylnorlichexanthone.
Note: a widespread holarctic lichen with a broad altitudinal and latitudinal range found on base-rich rocks wetted by rain in exposed situations, often starting the life-cycle on other crustose lichens; in the Apennines and in southern Italy it is not uncommon on the top of calcareous boulders. For the chemistry see Knoph & Leuckert (1997).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
paras crustose lichens when young

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rather common
Subalpine belt: very common
Oromediterranean belt: rather common
Montane belt: common
Submediterranean belt: common
Padanian area: extremely rare
Humid submediterranean belt: very common
Humid mediterranean belt: rather common
Dry mediterranean belt: extremely rare

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 34911


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Conconello
14/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Conconello
14/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Conconello
14/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Conconello
14/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Conconello
14/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Conconello
14/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Lazio, Roma, Ruines of ancient Tusculum, above Frascati
18/03/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Lazio, Roma, Ruines of ancient Tusculum, above Frascati
18/03/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Lazio, Roma, Ruines of ancient Tusculum, above Frascati
18/03/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Lazio, Roma, Ruines of ancient Tusculum, above Frascati
18/03/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Lazio, Roma, Ruines of ancient Tusculum, above Frascati
18/03/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Lazio, Roma, Ruines of ancient Tusculum, above Frascati
18/03/2017



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano/Bozen, Sciliar/Schlern



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[4740], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Biberach, 3 km nördlich von Unlingen, NSG Lange Grube, auf übererdeten Nagelfluhblöcken, ca. 545 m, sonnig (auf Gneissteinchen, mit HCl - ), leg. et det. Schumm 02.08.1997



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41630



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42571



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42571



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 13319



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 3208



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 3208



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 3208



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 13319


Manuel Gil
Spain, Canary Islands, Tenerife