Loxospora elatina (Ach.) A. Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 138, 1852. Basionym: Lecanora elatina Ach. - Lichenogr. Univ.: 387, 1810.
Synonyms: Haematomma elatinum (Ach.) A. Massal.; Lecanora chloropolia (Erichsen) Almb.?; Lecanora lutescens Ach.; Pertusaria chloropolia Erichsen?; Pseudographis elatina (Ach.) Nyl.
Distribution: N - Frl, Ven, TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007, Nascimbene & al. 2007b, 2014, Nascimbene 2014, Nascimbene & Marini 2015, Nimis & al. 2015, Trindade & al. 2021), Lomb.
Description: Thallus crustose, mostly episubstratic, continuous to minutely verrucose or tuberculate in young parts, sorediate, often delimited by a whitish, felty prothallus, forming regular to irregular, up to 10 cm or more wide patches. Esorediate surface grey or bluish grey, rarely yellowish; soralia bursting from the apices of tubercles, yellowish white, grey-green, yellowish green or pale green, semiglobose, 1-2 mm wide, often constricted at base to irregular and diffuse, finally coalescing. Soredia mostly coarse, 25-55 μm in diam., often gathered into rounded, up to 80 μm wide (or more) consoredia. Medulla mostly distinct, white. Apothecia rare, lecanorine, 0.5-1.5 mm across, sessile or substipitate, usually constricted at base, with a reddish brown, sometimes pruinose, flat to finally convex disc, and a thin, sorediate, finally excluded thalline margin. Proper exciple thin, brownish; epithecium brownish, inspersed with crystals, K-; hymenium colourless, I+ blue; paraphyses mostly simple, rather lax, not or slightly swollen at tips; hypothecium colourless to pale brown. Asci 8-spored, with a uniformly amyloid apical dome. Ascospores 2-5-septate, hyaline, fusiform to narrowly ellipsoid, spirally arranged in the asci, 35-50 x 4-5 µm. Pycnidia rare, immersed, with a colourless wall. Conidia bacilliform. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus and soralia K+ bright yellow, C-, KC+ yellow, P+ yellow-orange (slow reaction), UV-. Chemistry: thamnolic acid (major), elatinic acid (mainly in the soralia, minor), squamatic acid (trace).
Note: a mainly boreal-montane species found on Abies and Picea, more rarely on deciduous trees (e.g. Betula); certainly overlooked in the Alps, being most often sterile, but never common. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Endangered” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by soredia, or soredia-like structures (e.g. blastidia)
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 38859



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (8255)
2001/11/26


Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[20892]. Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Main-Tauber district, 32 km SW of Würzburg, 8 km S of the centre of Tauberbischofsheim, 1.5 km SW of the centre of Lauda-Königshofen,Becksteiner Buckel, 49°33'17'' N, 9°41'38'' E, 325 m, on bark of Abies alba. Leg. R. Türk (no 57323), 6.5.2016, det. R. Türk. TLC: thamnolic acid, elatinic acid, anal. by Obermayer, 557/01 & 02. DUPLA GRAEC. LICH. 1148



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[20892]. Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Main-Tauber district, 32 km SW of Würzburg, 8 km S of the centre of Tauberbischofsheim, 1.5 km SW of the centre of Lauda-Königshofen,Becksteiner Buckel, 49°33'17'' N, 9°41'38'' E, 325 m, on bark of Abies alba. Leg. R. Türk (no 57323), 6.5.2016, det. R. Türk. TLC: thamnolic acid, elatinic acid, anal. by Obermayer, 557/01 & 02. DUPLA GRAEC. LICH. 1148


Zahlbruckner A. 1926. Lichenes (Flechten). In: Engler A. (ed.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. 2nd ed., vol 8, W. Engelmann, Leipzig, 270 pp.


Author: Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37338



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37338



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41255



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 38769



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37964