Melanelixia glabratula (Lamy) Sandler & Arup

in Arup & Sandler Berlin, Lichenologist, 43: 96, 2011. Basionym: Parmelia fuliginosa subsp. glabratula Lamy - Bull. Soc. bot. Fr., 30: 353, 1883.
Synonyms: Imbricaria olivacea var. isidioides auct. ital.; Melanelia fuliginosa subsp. glabratula (Lamy) Coppins; Melanelia glabratula (Lamy) Essl.; Melanelixia fuliginosa subsp. glabratula (Lamy) J.R. Laundon; Parmelia budae (Gyeln.) Gyeln.; Parmelia ferruginascens (Rosend.) Gyeln.; Parmelia flotowiana Gyeln.; Parmelia fuliginosa var. laetevirens (Flot.) Nyl.; Parmelia glabratula (Lamy) Nyl.; Parmelia laetevirens (Flot.) F. Rosend.; Parmelia olivacea var. pannosa Beltr.
Distribution: N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004, Castello & Skert 2005), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996, Lazzarin 1997, Tretiach & Molaro 2007), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Lazzarin 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000c, Nascimbene 2006c, 2011, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007, Nascimbene & Marini 2010), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, Gottardini & al. 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2007b, 2010, 2014, Zarabska & al. 2009, Nascimbene 2013, 2014, Nascimbene & Marini 2015, Nimis & al. 2015), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Alessio & al. 1995, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Stofer 2006, Furlanetto 2010, Gheza 2019, Gheza & al. 2020), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Morisi & Sereno 1995, Arosio & al. 1998, Piervittori 1989, 2003, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Ricchiardone & al. 2002, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2005b, 2006, 2007, 2009, Griselli & al. 2003, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008, Furlanetto 2010, Matteucci & al. 2010, Giordani & Malaspina 2016), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b, Piervittori & al. 2001, Matteucci & al. 2008, Isocrono & al. 2008, Ongaro & al. 2022), Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Bassi 1995, Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008, Benesperi 2009, Fariselli & al. 2020), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2001, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1992, 1996b, 1996c, 1997, 1997b, 1998, 2004c, 2006, Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, 2001, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996b, Loppi 1996, Monaci & al. 1997, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, 2010, Putortì & al. 1998, 1999, 1999b, Putortì & Loppi 1999b, Benesperi 2000a, Loppi & Pirintsos 2000, 2006, 2011, Lorenzini & al. 2003, Benesperi & al. 2007, Paoli & Loppi 2008, Lastrucci & al. 2009, Brunialti & Frati 2010, Loppi & Baragatti 2011, Brunialti & al. 2012b, Paoli & al. 2012, 2015d, Brackel 2015, Nascimbene & al. 2015), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Frati & Brunialti 2006, Brackel 2015), Umb (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006, Panfili 2007), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2002, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Ruisi & al. 2005, Munzi & al. 2007, Brackel 2015), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Stofer 2006, Brackel 2015, Caporale & al. 2016, Gheza & al. 2021), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Caporale & al. 2008, Ravera & al. 2010, Paoli & al. 2015, Brackel 2020, Caporale & Ravera 2020), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2002, Nöske 2000, Loi & al. 2000, Rizzi & al. 2011, Cossu 2013, Neuwirth 2018). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, 2010, Aprile & al. 2003b, 2011, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2010b, Brunialti & al. 2013, Ravera & Brunialti 2013, Catalano & al. 2016), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006, Brackel 2011), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Incerti & Nimis 2006), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Ottonello 1996, Schicchi & al. 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Caniglia & Grillo 2006b, Falco Scampatellil 2005, Brackel 2008b, Campisi & al. 2020).
Description: Thallus foliose, heteromerous, dorsiventral, rather loosely adpressed, forming up to 8(-10) cm wide, orbicular rosettes. Lobes (1-)2-4 mm broad, pale to dark olive-green or olive-brown, smooth to wrinkled, shiny especially at lobe tips, with more or less cylindrical, often branched and coralloid, up to 1.5 mm tall isidia which easily break off, leaving white scars, the marginal zone usually without isidia for 2-7.5 mm. Lower surface dark brown to black, paler toward the edges, with mostly simple, dark rhizines. Upper cortex paraplectenchymatous, with a pored epicortex, the cell walls containing isolichenan; medulla white, sometime swith an orange pigment in lower part; lower cortex paraplectenchymatous. Apothecia rather rare, lecanorine, sessile, to 6 mm across, with a brown disc and a papillate-isidiate thalline margin. Epithecium brown; hymenium and hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid, 10-14 x 5-9(-10) μm. Pycnidia dark, immersed, laminal. Conidia bacilliform, slightly swollen at both ends, 6-7.5 x 1 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: upper cortex K-, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K- (K+ red when the orange pigment is present), C+ red, KC+ red, P-. Chemistry: medulla with lecanoric acid, sometimes with a K+ red pigment in patches.
Note: a mainly temperate, ecologically wide-ranging species occurring both on wayside trees and in open forests (e.g. on Fagus). The greatest majority of the post-1993 records of M. fuliginosa from Italy refer to this epiphytic species. For further details see Arup & Sandler Berlin (2011).
Growth form: Foliose, broad lobed
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by isidia, or isidia-like structures (e.g. schizidia)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely common
Submediterranean belt: very common
Padanian area: rare
Humid submediterranean belt: very common
Humid mediterranean belt: rather rare
Dry mediterranean belt: rare

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste Karst, Basovizza
21/02/2008



Curtis Randall Björk – CC BY-SA 4.0
British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Albert Head Date: 2013-10-03 Corticolous, open forest near marine shore



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (35012)
2002/05/16
detail of isidia



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (35012)
2002/05/16



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (30659)
2002/11/04



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, TS, Basovizza; altitude: 2
2008.02.21



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, TS, Basovizza; altitude: 2
2008.02.21



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, TS, Basovizza; altitude: 2
2008.02.21



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, TS, Basovizza; altitude: 2
2008.02.21



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, TS, Basovizza; altitude: 2
2008.02.21



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (36993)
2008.02.28


Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV); Owner: Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV)


Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV); Owner: Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV)


Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV); Owner: Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV)



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste Karst near Borgo Grotta Gigante
16/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste Karst near Borgo Grotta Gigante
16/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste Karst near Borgo Grotta Gigante
16/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste Karst near Borgo Grotta Gigante
16/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Udine, Lago di Sauris, Bosco della Stua, Carnic Alps (Ampezzo Carnico) 1000 m; altitude: 1000 m
12/08/2017



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[1146], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, Remshalde nördlich von Breech-Rattenharz, auf Laubbaum in einer Lichtung im Nadelwald, MTB 7223. Leg. et det. F. Schumm, 20.01.1968
as M. fuliginosa



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[1146], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, Remshalde nördlich von Breech-Rattenharz, auf Laubbaum in einer Lichtung im Nadelwald, MTB 7223. Leg. et det. F. Schumm, 20.01.1968
as M. fuliginosa



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[1146], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, Remshalde nördlich von Breech-Rattenharz, auf Laubbaum in einer Lichtung im Nadelwald, MTB 7223. Leg. et det. F. Schumm, 20.01.1968
as M. fuliginosa



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[1146], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, Remshalde nördlich von Breech-Rattenharz, auf Laubbaum in einer Lichtung im Nadelwald, MTB 7223. Leg. et det. F. Schumm, 20.01.1968
as M. fuliginosa



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[1146], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, Remshalde nördlich von Breech-Rattenharz, auf Laubbaum in einer Lichtung im Nadelwald, MTB 7223. Leg. et det. F. Schumm, 20.01.1968
at: atranorin (trace), le: lecanoric acid, cl:5-chlorolecanoric acid - as M. fuliginosa



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37203



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37203


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/