Menegazzia terebrata (Hoffm.) A. Massal.

Neagenea Lichenum: 1, 1854. Basionym: Lobaria terebrata Hoffm. - Deutschl. Fl.: 151, 1796.
Synonyms: Imbricaria terebrata (Hoffm.) Körb.; Menegazzia pertusa (Schaer.) J. Steiner; Parmelia pertusa Schaer.; Parmelia terebrata (Hoffm.) Mart.
Distribution: N - VG, Frl (Tretiach 1993, 1996, Modenesi & al. 1997, Nascimbene & al. 1998, Tretiach & Molaro 2007), Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007, 2009c, 2010b, 2013b, Thor & Nascimbene 2007, Nascimbene 2011, Brackel 2013), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, Nascimbene 2005b, 2008b, Nascimbene & al. 2007b, Nimis & al. 2015), Lomb (Gheza 2019), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, Loppi & Putortì 2001).
Description: Thallus foliose, heteromerous, dorsiventral, forming up to 10 cm wide, regular rosettes, but often dying in central parts, the lobes closely adnate, up to 1-1.5 mm wide, rounded at apices, contiguous for much of their length, swollen and hollow inside, grey to greenish grey, often brownish at the ends and along margins, smooth and glossy, with round to oval, dark perforations, and whitish, rounded, more or less stalked, convex, not perforate and not marginally proliferating soralia. Lower surface black, wrinkled, erhizinate. Upper cortex paraplectenchymatous, the cell walls with isolichenan; medulla soon becoming hollow, lining the cavity inside the lobes; lower cortex dark, paraplectenchymatous. Apothecia extremely rare, lecanorine. Epithecium brown; hymenium and hypothecium colourless. Asci 2-spored, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled,hyaline, ellipsoid, 50-70 x 30-36 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: upper cortex K+ yellow, medulla K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P+ yellow-orange, UV-. Chemistry: upper cortex with atranorin, medulla with stictic, constictic, menegazziaic acids, and with or without low amounts of norstictic acid.
Note: on bark in humid beech-fir forests, exceptionally reaching the submediterranean belt. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Vulnerable” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c). See also note on M. subsimilis.
Growth form: Foliose, broad lobed
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by soredia, or soredia-like structures (e.g. blastidia)
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Udine, Carnic Alps, Bosco della Stua, Ampezzo Carnico UD
08.2018



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (5136)
2001/12/24
soralia



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (5136)
2001/11/27


Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu


Triin Aimla; Owner: University of Tartu



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (36109)
2008.03.06



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (36109)
2008.03.06



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (29259)
2008.03.06



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (29259)
2008.03.06



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (29259)
2008.03.06



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (29259)
2008.03.06



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italia, Veneto, BL, Comune di Sappada, pendici boscose del Monte Peralba.
2008.27.08



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italia, Veneto, BL, Comune di Sappada, pendici boscose del Monte Peralba.
2008.27.08



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italia, Veneto, BL, Comune di Sappada, pendici boscose del Monte Peralba.
2008.27.08



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, UD, Comune di Sauris, Bosco della Stua presso il Lago
2008.26.08



Pier Luigi Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
TSB 36109 (TSB 36109)



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42005



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42005



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42005



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 38747



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 38747


Mark Rahill - CC BY-SA 4.0
USA


Mark Rahill - CC BY-SA 4.0
USA


Mark Rahill - CC BY-SA 4.0
USA



Pier Luigi Nimis - Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37342



Pier Luigi Nimis - Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37343