Naetrocymbe punctiformis (Pers.) R.C. Harris

More Florida Lichens: 63, 1995. Basionym: Verrucaria punctiformis Pers. - Ann. Bot. (Usteri), 11: 19, 1794.
Synonyms: Arthonia cembrina Anzi; Arthopyrenia analepta auct. p.p.; Arthopyrenia analepta var. crataegi A. Massal.; Arthopyrenia atrosanguinea A. Massal.?; Arthopyrenia cembrina (Anzi) D. Hawksw.; Arthopyrenia cinereopruinosa (Schaer.) A. Massal. non auct.?; Arthopyrenia padi Rabenh.; Arthopyrenia persoonii A. Massal. p.p.; Arthopyrenia punctiformis (Pers.) A. Massal.; Arthopyrenia punctiformis f. laricis Anzi; Arthopyrenia punctiformis var. aenea A. Massal.; Arthopyrenia punctiformis var. geographica Anzi; Arthopyrenia pyrenastrella (Nyl.) Norman; Arthopyrenia pyrenastrella var. maculans (Nyl.) Keissl.?; Arthopyrenia submicans auct. non (Nyl.) Arnold; Leiophloea punctiformis (Pers.) Trevis.; Leiophloea punctiformis var. acerina (Hepp) Trevis.; Naetrocymbe punctiformis (Pers.) R.C. Harris; Verrucaria epidermidis var. spectabilis Garov.
Distribution: N - VG, Frl (Bernini & al. 2010), Ven (Nimis & al. 1996c, Lazzarin 2000, Nascimbene & Marini 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e, 2007b, 2014, Nascimbene 2014), Lomb (Valcuvia & Truzzi 2007b), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Isocrono & al. 2003, Giordani & Malaspina 2016), VA (Piervittori & Maffei 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Matteucci & al. 2008, 2008c, Isocrono & al. 2008), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008, Benesperi 2009, Fariselli & al. 2020, Fariselli & al. 2020), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006, Ravera & al. 2016b). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1997b, Putortì & al. 1998, Putortì & Loppi 1999b, Ravera 2006b, Benesperi & al. 2007, Brunialti & Frati 2010, Benesperi 2011), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Frati & Brunialti 2006), Umb (Ravera 1998, 1998b, Ravera & al. 2006, Ravera & al. 2016b), Laz (Munzi & al. 2007, Ravera & Genovesi 2008, Ravera & al. 2016b), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Caporale & al. 2016), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Caporale & al. 2008, Caporale & Ravera 2020), Sar (Zedda 2002, Rizzi & al. 2011). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, 2010, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Catalano & al. 2012, 2016), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006, Paoli & al. 2006, Potenza & al. 2010), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Ottonello & al. 2011, Ravera & al. 2016b).
Description: Thallus crustose, inconspicuous and often poorly evident, not lichenized. Perithecia black, matt or somehow shiny, more or less circular in outline, scattered, or clustered, 0.1-0.25 mm across. Involucrellum dimidiate, brown both in water and in K, of compacted hyphae and bark cells; exciple thin, usually colourless, surrounding the centrum; pseudoparaphyses 1.5-2.5(-3) μm thick, the cells 3-8 μm long, much branched, more or less moniliform; downwardly projecting periphysoids present near the ostiole. Asci 8-spored, obpyriform, fissitunicate, with two functional wall layers, (35-)40-55(-60) x (13-)15-22 μm. Ascospores 1-septate, hyaline (sometimes yellowish brown and 3-septate when overmature), slightly constricted at septum, the cells of equal size, often biguttulate, but without median constrictions, 16-20(-23) x 4.5-5(-6) μm, with a usually distinct c. 1 μm thick (in K) perispore. Photobiont absent. Spot tests: all negative. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a holarctic, Mediterranean to boreal-montane early coloniser of smooth bark, especially on twigs of a wide variety of trees, rarer, and restricted to sheltered situations in dry Mediterranean Italy; probably non-lichenised.
Growth form: Fungus
Substrata: bark
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Pioneer species

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: rather rare
Oromediterranean belt: very rare
Montane belt: rather common
Submediterranean belt: common
Padanian area: rare
Humid submediterranean belt: common
Humid mediterranean belt: rather rare
Dry mediterranean belt: rare

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 22171


Source: Keissler K. von 1938. Pyrenulaceae, Mycoporaceae, Coniocarpineae. In: Rabenhorst G L: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. 2nd, IX, Die Flechten, Abt. 1, 2. Gebr. Borntraeger, Leipzig, pp. 1-846.


Photo uploaded by P. Cannon - CC BY-SA NC - Source: http://fungi.myspecies.info/all-fungi/naetrocymbe-punctiformis


Source: Keissler K. von 1938. Pyrenulaceae, Mycoporaceae, Coniocarpineae. In: Rabenhorst G L: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. 2nd, IX, Die Flechten, Abt. 1, 2. Gebr. Borntraeger, Leipzig, pp. 1-846.



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 24121



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (16143)
2003/03/12



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 16143


Sonia Ravera
Ascus


Sonia Ravera
Ascospores


Sonia Ravera
Moniliform pseudoparaphyses



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 22171


G. Gibelli, in S. Garovaglio, 1865 Tentamen Dispositionis Methodicae Lichenum In Longobardia Nascentium. Mediolanum
As Verrucaria epidermidis var. spectabilis Garov.