Ochrolechia frigida (Sw.) Lynge

Rep. Sc. Res. Norw. Exp. Novaya Zemlya 1921, 43: 182, 1928. Basionym: Lichen frigidus Sw. - Meth. Muscor.: 36, 1781.
Synonyms: Ochrolechia elisabethae-kolae Verseghy; Ochrolechia gonatodes (Ach.) Räsänen; Ochrolechia groenlandica Verseghy; Ochrolechia lapuënsis (Vain.) Räsänen; Ochrolechia pterulina (Nyl.) G.E. Howard; Ochrolechia subtartarea (Nyl.) A. Massal.?; Ochrolechia tartarea var. thelephoroides (Th. Fr.) Arnold
Distribution: N - TAA, Lomb (Ravera & al. 2022b), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA.
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, whitish to whitish grey or pale yellowish brown, extremely variable, very thin to very thick, with or without long spine-like outgrowths, continuous and membrane-like to areolate-verrucose, the areoles sometimes tending to become subfruticose, esorediate or sorediate (sorediate forms correspond to O. inaequatula, which is a probable synonym); soredia farinose or granular, forming more or less discrete soralia on continuous thalli, or developing on the top of areoles, rarely at the base of spines, or areoles completely dissolving into soredia, and forming a sorediate crust. Apothecia frequent, lecanorine, up to 4 mm across, with a concave to flat, usually epruinose, often radially fissured, pale brown ro reddish brown disc, a usually smooth or sorediate thalline margin, and often a prominent excipular ring. Thalline exciple corticate, the cortex c. 50-75 μm wide; epithecium brownish, C+ red; hymenium colourless, c. 170-250(-300) μm high; hypothecium yellowish. Asci (4-)6-8(-12)-spored, with thick, amyloid walls, Pertusaria-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, variable in size and shape, from ellipsoid to pyriform, rarely subglobose, 20-55 x 10-35 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thalllus K-, C+ red, KC+ red, P-; medulla C-, KC-. Chemistry: gyrophoric (major) and lecanoric (trace to minor) acids, sometimes with traces of additional unidentified substances.
Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species found on mosses, plant debris and soil in the Alps, where it reaches the nival belt. All Italian records need confirmation (see Nimis 1993: 455).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: extremely rare
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model

Mark Rahill CC BY-SA 4.0
USA, New Hampshire



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (9264)
2001/11/27



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (9264)
2001/11/27


Mark Rahill - CC BY-SA 4.0
USA, New Hampshire



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 44125


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php