Mniaecia jungermanniae (Fr.) Boud.

Hist. Class. Discom. Eur: 99, 1907. Basionym: Peziza jungermanniae Fr. - Syst. Mycol., 2: 144, 1822.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - Frl (Tretiach 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007).
Description: Thallus immersed in leaflets of liverworts, not lichenized and not apparent. Apothecia rounded, sessile, dark blue to blue-green when wet, almost black when dry, 0.2-0.6(-0.8) mm across, usually arranged in large clusters, with a flat disc and a thin, slightly raised, poorly evident margin. Proper exciple blue-greeen, of globose to slightly angular, 7-16 μm wide cells; epithecium blue-green, N-; hymenium -olourless, 100-150(-180) μm high, I-, K/I-; paraphyses 1.5-3 μm thick, simple or forked in upper part, the apical cells distinctly clavate, up to 7(-8 )μm wide; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, cylindrical-clavate, , with a thick, non-amyloid apical dome containing a cylindrical tube. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid to pyriform, (14-)16-22(-23) x 8-12 μm, filled with many oil droplets, without a distinct perispore. Photobiont absent. Spot tests: all negative. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: this endophytic fungus is confined to small liverworts growing in humid situations over siliceouos substrata, belonging to the genera Calypogeia, Cephalozia, Cephaloziella, Diplophyllum, Jungermannia, Lepidozia, Lophozia, Lophocolea and on Nardia scalaris.
Growth form: Fungus
Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 15808



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 15808



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 15808



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 36854



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (36854)
2008.02.28