Description: Thallus crustose, endosubstratic to thinly episubstratic and areolate, whitish, forming orbicular, up to 4 cm wide patches, sometimes delimited by a very thin, pale prothallus, sorediate. Areoles sparse, discrete or contiguous, becoming more or less convex, usually esorediate. Medulla white, I-. Soralia bursting through the cell-layers of the substrate, often delimited by a thin, lacerate rim of bark or wood cells, pale green to bluish green, but frequently darkened and brownish to blackish, orbicular to ellipsoid-elongate, flat to crateriform, up to 0.4 mm across, bearing farinose, up to 30 µm wide soredia which are strongly inspersed with crystals dissolving in K. Apothecia rare, lecideine, black, 0.2-0.5 mm across, initially more or less immersed, then sessile, with a concave to finally flat disc, and a thin, usually persistent proper margin. Proper exciple dispersa-type, Proper exciple dispersa-type, of radially arranged hyphae, the inner part of long-celled, parallel, strongly agglutinated and thick-walled hyphae, the outer part of short-celled, isodiametric hyphae without intercellular spaces; epithecium olive-brown, N-; hymenium colourless, up to 120 µm high, strongly inspersed with oil droplets; paraphyses simple or sparingly branched, 1.5-2 µm thick at mid-level, the apical cells 4-5 µm wide, with a brown cap; hypothecium deep reddish brown. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Bacidia-type. Ascospores 1(-3)-septate, soon brown, narrowly ellipsoid, usually not constricted at septum, with pointed and often paler ends, sometimes slightly curved, 18-28 x 7.5-12.5 µm, Callispora-type. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P- or P+ yellow, UV-. Chemistry: atranorin, placodiolic acid.
Note: a usually sterile species with bluish-greenish, round to elongated, and flat to concave soralia reacting K- in squash preparations; usually found on periodically dry wood of logs and old fences in upland areas; certainly more widespread in the Alps, and locally rather common.
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by soredia, or soredia-like structures (e.g. blastidia)