Acarospora subrufula (Nyl.) H. Olivier

Exp. Syst. Descr. Lich. Ouest Fr., 2: 21, 1900. Basionym: Lecanora subrufula Nyl. - Flora, 62: 355, 1879.
Synonyms:
Distribution: C - Sar.
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, consisting of scattered to clustered, reddish brown, sometimes faintly pale-striate, 0.3-1.8(-2) mm wide, angular, swollen, convex areoles, or reduced to the thalline margin of the apothecia. Algal layer even, continuous. Apothecia lecanorine, 0.2-0.6(-1) mm across, 1(-3) per areole and occupying most of its surface, with an , oblong or kidney-shaped, smooth, sometimes umbonate, deep red-chestnut brown disc, and a usually paler, thick, raised, smooth or sometimes white-striate thalline margin. Epithecium brownish; hymenium colourless, 70-100(-120) µm high; paraphyses 1.5-2 µm thick at base, the apical cells 2-4 µm wide; hypothecium colourless. Asci c. 200-spored, clavate, the apical dome K/I-. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid to subcylindrical, 4-6 x 1-2.5 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot test: cortex K+ yellow then red (needle-like crystals), C-, KC-, P- or P+ yellowish. Chemistry: norstictic acid.
Note: on hard siliceous rocks, especially granite, near the coast. A Mediterranean-Atlantic European species, reported from a few localities, from the British Isles to Portugal, and also known from the Aegean Islands.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Restricted to humid-warm, oceanic areas
Taxon bound to maritime-coastal situations

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model

Author: Harrie Sipman - Source: http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/sipman/Zschackia/AegeanLichens/Acarospora.htm