Synonyms: Cladonia furcata var. recurva A.L. Sm.; Cladonia furcata var. scabriuscula (Delise) Coëm.; Cladonia surrecta (Flörke) Sandst.
Distribution: N - Frl, TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2001).
Description: Primary thallus squamulose, usually evident only in young specimens, the squamules middle-sized, 1-3(-4) mm long and broad, crenate, adnate and often forming rosettes with raised margins, glaucescent above, white beneath. Podetia slender, dichotomously branched, hollow inside, with mostly open axils, 2-5(-10) cm tall, 2-5 mm thick, forming irregular tufts, with pointed apices, pale greenish grey, smoothly corticate but towards tips scabrose due to granules, microsquamules and disintegrating cortex, sometimes slightly and sparsely sorediate at tips. Apothecia very rare, dark brown, convex, small, crowded on the terminal branchlets. Asci 8-spored, clavate, thickened at apex, with a K/I+ blue tholus and a K/I+ strongly blue outer gelatinous sheath, Cladonia-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid. Pycnidia dark, semi-immersed, on the tips of podetia, with a colourless jelly. Conidia cylindrical. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: K- or K+ brownish, C-, KC-, P+ red, UV-. Chemistry: fumarprotocetraric acid complex, rarely with traces of atranorin.
Note: a mainly temperate, widespread but rare lichen found on soil and amongst mosses in humid-sheltered situations, such as open woodlands.
Growth form: Fruticose
Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by isidia, or isidia-like structures (e.g. schizidia)
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)